Little More than Tea and Cricket
Review by By Andrew Robinson
in History Today, Volume 67 Issue 4 April 2017
In 1700, India, then ruled by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, boasted 24.4 per cent of global GDP: a share almost equal to that of Europe’s 25 per cent.
By 1950, India became a secular democracy by implementing a new constitution, its share was only o just over three per cent. During 1757 and 1947, the British East India Company ruled a large part of India until 1858, then the British Parliament ruled until 1947.
1572 - Akbar arrived at Ahmadabad and made arrangements for its administration.
1902 - Gandhiji went back to South Africa at the request of the Indian community and revived the fight of Indians against Anti-Asian Laws.
1917 - J.C. Bose Research Institute was established in Calcutta.
1967 - First Indian made Rocket 'Rohini RH75' launched into space from Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station.
1982 - Bhaskara-II, India's second experimental remote sensing satellite, was launched by Russian launch vehicle Intercosmos.
November 20, 2009: Sachin Tendulkar became the first player to score 30,000 international runs
November 20, 2017: Virat Kohli became the joint fastest player to score 50 international centuries.
In International cricket, on 20 November 2017
Matches - 664, Centuries - 100
Matches - 318, Centuries - 50
1750 - Tipu Sultan
1953 - Manohar Tirkey - 2009 Lok Sabha Member
1962 - Rajkumar Hirani
Comprehensive History and Culture of Andhra Pradesh: Pre- and protohistoric Andhra Pradesh up to 500 BC
M. L. K. Murty
Orient Blackswan, 2003 - Andhra Pradesh (India) - 185 pages
This volume traces archaeological research undertaken in Andhra Pradesh going back to the nineteenth century when the cultures of the region were explored and documented. In the 1950s, scholars conducted culture-historic research across the physiographical regions of Andhra Pradesh, following trends in India and Old World. 1970s saw a shift from the historic approach to the development of models for the contextual study of sites, and the explanation of the archaeological record in terms of the adaptive behaviour of past societies.
27 July 1076 - Rajaraja Mummadi Choda was appointed as the viceroy of Vengi Kingdom by his father. Page 2.
An encyclopedic study of a crucial period of Andhra history by a highly respected academician and a scholar of high repute. The first volume comprehensively deals with the political history of the subsidiary dynasties in Medieval Andhradesa, tracing their ancestries, fixing their genealogies and chronology. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=-d9IAvFOUHsC
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Vijayanagara Voices: Exploring South Indian History and Hindu Literature
William J. Jackson
Routledge, 03-Mar-2016 - History - 262 pages
The Vijayanagara Empire flourished in South India between 1336 and 1565. Conveying the depth and creativity of Hindu religious and literary expression during that time, Vijayanagara Voices explores some of the contributions made by poets, singer-saints, and philosophers. Through translations and discussions of their lives and times, Jackson presents the voices of these cultural figures and reflects on the concerns of their era, looking especially into the vivid images in their works and their legends. He examines how these images convey both spiritual insights and physical experiences with memorable candour. The studies also raise intriguing questions about the empire's origins and its response to Muslim invaders, its 'Hinduness', and reasons for its ultimate decline. Vijayanagara Voices is a book about patterns in history, literature and life in South India. By examining the culture's archetypal displays, by understanding the culture in its own terms, and by comparing associated images and ideas from other cultures, this book offers unique insights into a rich and influential period in Indian history. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=QymrCwAAQBAJ
The History of British India: A Chronology
John F. Riddick
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006 - History - 367 pages
This book is a history of British India from 1599 to 1947. It is divided into three parts addressing political history, topical studies, and a collection of four hundred biographies of noteworthy English men and women who played a role in the creation of British India. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=Es6x4u_g19UC
1929 - Mahatma Gandhi made Navjivan publication a charitable trust.
1934 - Indian Naval Force was established.
1951 - Bharatiya Janasangh was established
1972 - Broadcasting of Bombay Doordarshan started
1974 - First NCC Airforce Squadron for Women was started.
1992 - Indian-designed pilotless target aircraft 'Lakshya' was successfully tested.
1996 - Sitaram Kesri was elected as the provisional president of Congress (I).
1964 - Dr. Ram Shankar Katheria - 2009, 2014 Lok Sabha Member
Minister of State for HRD, Higher Education. Visited NITIE on 20 September 2015 as Chief guest for Convocation. I also sat on the stage along with him on the day.
1860 - Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya - Eminent Engineer and Administrator
1909 - C.N. Annadurai
1915 - Param Vir Chakra - Lance Naik Karam Singh
1929 - O.Rajagopal - Kerala BJP leader, Union Minister, MLA in Kerala (2016 Assembly Elections)
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi at the Sardar Sarovar Dam, in Gujrat on September 17, 2017.
CNR :102232 Photo ID :113702
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today dedicated the Sardar Sarovar Dam to the nation. The occasion was marked by prayers and chanting of hymns at the Dam at Kevadia. The Prime Minister unveiled a plaque to mark the occasion.
Later, the Prime Minister visited the construction site of the Statue of Unity, an iconic structure dedicated to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, at Sadhu Bet, a short distance from the Sardar Sarovar Dam. He was given an overview of the progress of work at the site.
At a large public meeting in Dabhoi, the Prime Minister unveiled a plaque to mark the laying of foundation stone of the National Tribal Freedom Fighters' Museum. The occasion also marked the closing ceremony of the Narmada Mahotsav, which generated awareness about the River Narmada, in various districts of Gujarat.
Speaking on the occasion, he said the huge gathering shows the respect that people have for Maa Narmada. On the occasion of Vishwakarma Jayanti, he said that he salutes all those who are working to build the nation. Let us leave no stone unturned to build a New India by 2022, the Prime Minister exhorted.
The Prime Minister recalled Sardar Patel's vision of the dam. He said that both Sardar Patel and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar gave a lot of emphasis to irrigation and waterways.
The Prime Minister said lack of water resources has been a major impediment to development. He recalled visiting the border areas in the past, when BSF jawans did not have enough water. We brought Narmada waters to the border areas for the jawans, he said.
The saints and seers of Gujarat have played a very big role in the making of the Sardar Sarovar Dam, he said. The waters of the River Narmada will help citizens and transform lives, he added.
The Prime Minister said that in the western part of the country, there is water shortage, and in the eastern part, there is power and gas shortage. He said the Government is working to overcome these shortages, so that India scales new heights of development.
The Prime Minister said the Statue of Unity would be a fitting tribute to Sardar Patel, and would draw tourists from all over. He recalled freedom fighters from tribal communities, who fought against colonialism.
1893- Swami Vivekananda represented Hinduism and addressed Chicago's Parliament of the World's Religions, the first ever inter-faith gathering. His brief talk on the day, dramatically attracted the attention of the gathering, enlightening Western opinion to the depth of Hindu philosophy and culture.
1757The first rupee coin was minted in Calcutta by the East India Company.
1946Cabinet Mission's plan announced an interim government, which was formed by reconstituting the Viceroy's Executive Council.
1977Earthquake measuring 7.7-8.9 on the Richter Scale hits Indian Ocean. It is believed to be the strongest ever earthquake.
1992K.R.Narayanan elected the ninth Vice President of India.
1994 - Rupee made fully convertible on current account
1996Gujarat's expelled BJP leader Shankersingh Waghela formed a new party called 'Rashtriya Janata Party'.
2016 - PV Sindhu wins silver medal for India in Badminton at Rio Olympics
Journey of PV Singhu in Rio Olympics
1887S. Satyamurti, freedom fighter and social worker - born at Thirumeyyam in the former Pudukottah State.
1916Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma, former President of India
The Battle of Saraighat was fought in 1671 between the army of the Mughal empire (led by the Kachwaha king, Raja Ramsingh I), and the army and navy of Ahom Kingdom (led by Lachit Borphukan) on the Brahmaputra river at Saraighat, now in Guwahati, Assam, India. The Ahom Army defeated the Mughal Army by brilliant uses of the terrain.
The Battle of Saraighat was the last battle and the last major attempt by the Mughals to extend their empire into Assam. Though the Mughals managed to regain Guwahati briefly afterwards, the Ahoms wrested control in the Battle of Itakhuli in 1682 and maintained it till the end of their rule.
The Mughal Emperor Auranjeb deputed the powerful Rajput king Raja Ram Singha as the Commander-in-Chief of the Mughal army to attack Ahoms.
The king of Ahoms at that time, Chakradwaj Singha ordered the deployment of Assamese forces on both the banks of the Brahmaputra. Commander of the Ahoms, the Borphukan was aware that the Mughals would definitely try to invade the country on the north bank of the Brahmaputra as they could move faster on the land routes of the north bank. The south bank of the Brahmaputra was relatively safer as the enemy needed to cross the mighty river Brahmaputra to attack the Assamese forces on the south bank. Moreover, the Assamese naval force was fairly strong and it has strategic border posts. Hence Borphukan chose south bank as the point where he will fight the mughal army and he fortified the border posts.
Lachit Barphukan camped in Itakhuli. He had a very strong personality. None could look straight at his face. After detailing his soldiers, he came and held discussion with the commanders.
On the Northbank, there was a debacle. At Alaboi, ten thousand soldiers were killed by the Mughal army. It disheartened King Chakradwaj Singha. In fact, Lachit was not interested to fight the Mughal army on the north bank. On the insistence of the king, he had sent his soldiers to fight the land battle at Allaboi near Agiathuri resulting in a catastrophe.
After the death of king Chakradwaj, his cousin Udayaditya ascended the throne. He was in favour of a negotiated settlement and there were diplomatic missions between the Barphukan and Raja Ram Singha. But the conditions given by Ram Singha that Guwahati be returned to the Mughal was totally unacceptable and so Lachit Barphukan procrastinated. On the other hand, the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb was furious that Raja Ram Singha was not being able to wrest away Guwahati and the lower Assam from the Ahom king. He ordered Ram Singha to fight the Assamese.
Raja Ram Singha was now determined to fight the Assamese. So he sent Munnawar Khan, his nephew Rabat Khan, Lasid Khan, two Firingis (foreigners) on war boats. They fired their guns and shot their arrows from their boats to launch an attack on the Assamese. The Assamese fleet retreated to Amrajurighat.
It was, therefore, thought by the Mughal Commanders that the landing of their men and horses would be easy at that open shore for an attack on Guwahati. But, in the meantime, high sand banks had been built by the Assamese all along it from the foot of the Kamakhya Hill to that of Sukreswar. When the Mughal fleet reached the Juria Hill, the Assamese army retreated to Asvakranta. Even with high temperature, Lachit Barphukan remained alert and was informed every few minutes about the advance of the enemy up the river. There was such a concentration of the Ahom navy at Guwahati that it was possible to walk over the bridge of war-boats alone from one bank of the Brahmaputra to the other. The Mughals pressed forward to the open shore of Andharubali and the Assamese fell back to the Bar-Sila after an action which did not succeed in stemming the enemy’s progress. It seemed as if there was a break-down in the command, though there was not any inherent lack of energy and strength of the Ahom navy, which had regained its supremacy under Chakradhvaj Singha.
Some of the Assamese boatmen wanted to retreat to Kajali and Samdhara. The commander at Aswaklanta, a Hazarika of the Miri Sandiqui family, asked the Barphukan to come to his rescue. Lachit Barphukan sent the following reply:-“Tell your men, I am going to die on this spot and I will never think of abandoning my charge. I have a piece of land on the top of the Chila hill which will provide sufficient accommodation for my dead body. If I survive I shall go after all the people who have left their places.” A commander named Nara Hazarika rushed from Sindurighopa, and knelt down before the retreating soldiers shouting, “My countrymen, do please flee if you want to pour poison on this platter of gold!” The Barphukan immediately placed 2,000 men at the disposal of Nara Hazarika.
The Buragohain was at Lathia. Hatibarua Deka loaded all the belongings of the Buragohain on the boats without his knowledge. Even the belongings of the Barphukan were also loaded without his knowledge into the boats which reached Latasil. The Barphukan who was very ill was watching this scene from his sick bed at his archery store .When he heard that the Mughals had reached Juria, he asked the attendants to take him out so that he could see how far the Mughals had arrived. He was taken out to the gate yard of his residence by four Bhuyans.
The Barphukan wanted to go to confront the Mughals but the astrologer Achyutananda Doloi said, “The time is not the auspicious for it”. The Barphukan said, “Doloi, I shall now severe your head before the Heavenly King does it!” The Doloi said, “You may do so.” The Barphukan remained at his gate house taking information about the naval battle. He said, “The Mughals have crossed Amrajuri; Doloi, the Heavenly King will not spare you nor me. You have paved the way for your annihilation, brought about my disgrace and destroyed my livelihood!” After a few seconds, the astrologer announced, “Now is the most appropriate time to catch the enemy!”
The Barphukan immediately came down the steps of the gate house, supported by Nodai of Kharangi and boarded his boat. Seeing the retreating of the Ahom soldiers, the oarsmen wanted to go upstream leaving the scene of contest. The Barphukan exclaimed, “How dare you row the boats upstream? The King has given me the command of the people of the place here. Should I go back to my wife and family without fighting the enemy? How dare these serfs of boatmen venture to row up the boats without my permission?” So saying he hit four oarsmen with the blunt edge of his sword and threw them into the water. He beat up his body guards and threw them into the river. He, however, allowed them to come when their comrades entreated him for mercy.
The effect was electrifying. Words spread that the Barphukan was killing those who were retreating without fighting the enemy and throwing them into the river. The Barphukan said loudly, “Let the Mughals capture me alive and let my people go home in peace!” His fleet of seven boats with mounted guns sped towards the enemies. This gallant and extra-ordinary act of the Ahom General at once restored the morale of his army and the navy and immediately the shore batteries of the Ahoms and the archers, on the north and south banks went into action with terrific volleys and their naval forces fell upon the Mughal fleet and threw it into confusion. A big battle ensued in the area of Saraighat and both the sides called up their strength. The Sharing Phukan, the Neog Kataki and many Hazarikas proceeded from Rangmahal and joined their army in this violent contest. The Mughal Commandant Sharip Khan and two other Amirs commanding the navy fell downs dead. Innumerable Mughal soldiers were killed and many of their boats with men, horses and war materials were sunk. The survivors made quick retreat in their boats. A large amount of booty came into the possession of the Ahoms. There was no other fighting after this naval fight. That was the historic battle of Saraighat fought in the middle of March, 1671, which became the Waterloo for the mighty Mughals in the east.
The Assamese people regained their lost glory. The victory of the Assamese people in the battle of Saraighat was a landmark in the history of Assam and Assamese are proud of this great achievement of Veer Lachit.
1948 - Mahatma Gandhi was killed by the bullet by Nathuram Godse.
1957 - Film Mother India was released.
1958 - Milkha Singh became the first Indian to win Gold medal in Common Wealth Games
1959 - Dalai Lama came to India as refugee.
1960 - Ramanathan Krishnan became World No. 3 in Tennis.
1961 - Freedom struggle in Goa.
1962 - China attacked Indian military camps.
1964 - Jawaharlal Nehru, Freedom fighter, leader and the first Prime Minister passed away.
1968 - Foundation stone for Auroville, Puducherry laid.
1970 - India's project to increase milk production, White Revolution was started.
1972 - All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam was founded by MGR
1974 - Vijay Amritraj won Junior Wimbledon Championship.
1975 - Emergency was declared by Indira Gandhi as Prime Minister.
1976 - K. Kamaraj was awarded Bharat Ratna
1977 - Emergency was lifted due to the agitation by opposition parties and people. Elections held and Janata Party came into power. Morarji Desai become the first non-congress Prime Minister as leader of Janata Party.
1984 - Operation Blue Star was conducted to occupy Golden Temple and flush out terrorists from the complex.
1987 - Mr. India film became a big hit.
2001 - Lata Mangeshkar was given Bharat Ratna award
2006 - FaceBook was introduced in India.
2014 - BJP won absolute majority in the Parliament. Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister.
2016 - Principles of Industrial Engineering presented in NCIETM 2016 at NITIE, Mumbai, India by Narayana Rao, Professor, NITIE.
2017 - Ram Nath Kovind became the first BJP member to occupy President's Post.
Detailed list of principles of industrial engineering presented by Narayana Rao at IISE 2017 Annual Conference at Pittsburgh, USA.
1940 - Jaywant Gangaram Awale - 2009 Lok Sabha Member
New ministers of Central Government started their work in the new offices.
Babu Jagjivan Ram
The Union Home Minister, Shri Rajnath Singh paying floral tributes at Babu Jagjivan Ram Smriti Sansthan on the occasion of 29th death anniversary of the former Deputy Prime Minister, Babu Jagjivan Ram, in New Delhi on July 06, 2015. http://pibphoto.nic.in/photo//2015/Jul/l2015070667205.jpg
1875 - Swami Dayanand Saraswathi announces the founding of Arya samaj
1917 - Gandhi arrived in Champaran, a district in the state of Bihar. Taken as the starting of Champaran Satyagrah or movement
1982 - INSAT 1A was launched.
1995 - Morarji Desai died at the age of 99.
2014 - Lok Sabha Elections 3rd phase voting
Date of Birth10/04/1941
Birth PlaceLahore (now in Pakistan)
Educational QualificationsSenior Cambridge, B.A. (Hons.) in Economics, (standing first in the University), M.A. (Economics) Educated at Doon School, Dehradun, St. Stephens' College, University of Delhi, Trinity Hall, Cambridge University, U.K. D.Sc. (Honoris Causa) by Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, Honorary Fellow, Trinity Hall, Cambridge University, U.K., 2010
ProfessionDiplomat, Journalist/Writer, Political and Social Worker
Positions Held1991-1996Member, Tenth Lok Sabha 1999-2004Member, Thirteenth Lok Sabha 2004-2009Member, Fourteenth Lok Sabha 23 May 2004-2009Union Minister of Panchayati Raj 23 May 2004-28 Jan. 2006 Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas 29 Jan. 2006-2008Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports 6 April 2008-2009Union Minister of the Development of North-Eastern Region March 2010 Nominated to Rajya Sabha April 2010 onwardsMember, Committee on Rural Development Nov. 2010 onwardsMember, National Social Security Board for Unorganised Workers Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of External Affairs Sept. 2011 onwardsMember, Central Advisory Committee for pilot scheme called 'Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana Dec. 2011 onwards Member, Parliamentary Forum on Disaster Management May 2012 onwardsMember, Central Silk Board
Books Published(i) Remembering Rajiv, Rupa, 1992, (ii) In Rajiv's Footsteps: One Year in Parliament, Konark, 1993, (iii) Mani Shankar Aiyar's Pakistan Papers, UBSPD, 1994, (iv) Knickerwallahs, Silly-Billies and Other Curious Creatures, UBSPD, 1995, (v) Rajiv Gandhi's India (in 4 volumes) (ed.), UBSPD, 1997, (vi) Confessions of a Secular Fundamentalist, Penguin India, 2004 and (vii) A Time of Transition : Rajiv Gandhi to the 21st Century, Penguin India, 2009
Social and Cultural Activities, Literary, Artistic and Scientific Accomplishments and other Special Interests
Other InformationMember, Indian Foreign Service, 1963-89; Consul-General, Karachi, 1978-82; Joint Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs, 1982-83; Special Assistant to former Congress (I) President, Late Shri Rajiv Gandhi, 1989-91; has been awarded 'Outstanding Parliamentarian Award, for 2006 by President Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil
He was elected to the Bombay Municipal Corporation in 1985. Between 1988 and 1991, he was a member of the Bombay Electric Supply & Transport Undertaking -BEST- and also worked as president of the undertaking for three consecutive years.
He made his debut in the Maharashtra Assembly in 1990, was re-elected in 1995 and made a Cabinet Minister when the Shiv Sena-BJP combine formed the coalition
1854 - Bombay Spinning and Weaving Company ( the first cotton spinning mill to be established in Bombay), was floated on 7 July 1854 by Cowasjee Nanabhoy Davar (1815-73) and his associates.
See the link
1855 - 30,000 people went to Calcutta to fight British
It is an interesting entry. More details to be collected
2015 - Launch of the 'Pashu Poshan', a web and android platform application developed by the National Dairy Development Board
Jaswant Singh Rawat (19 August 1941 - 17 November 1962) was an Indian rifleman soldier of 4 Garhwal Rifles. He won the Maha Vir Chakra posthumously for the Battle of Nuranang in the present day Arunachal Pradesh during the 1962 India-China war.
The exemplary bravery shown by Jaswant Rawat was honored by building a memorial at the post where he fought the Chinese army. The post which he held against the Chinese Army was named as Jaswant Garh.
Another honor bestowed upon him is that he continues in the service even after death, he has been awarded promotions as if he is still serving the Nation. There is a memorial for him and army serve at the memorial as if Jaswant Singh is still alive.
1789 - Agreement made between British East India Company, Peshwa of Pune and Nizam of Hyderabad to attack Tipu Sultan territory.
1933 - Mahatma Gandhi sentenced to one year imprisonment.
1966 - The Press Council of India was first constituted on 4th July, 1966 as an autonomous, statutory, quasi-judicial body, with Shri Justice J R Mudholkar, then a Judge of the Supreme Court, as Chairman uner The Press Council Act, 1965. http://presscouncil.nic.in/Content/29_3_History.aspx
1997 - Central government grants autonomy to 9 public sector units (Navaratnas)
People defied the vindictive actions of the prime minister who has to resign due to the Court verdict. It was rebirth of democracy in India. If Congress led the independence movement, it is the opposition of the day, that led the resistance to individual power mongering. "Indira is India" doctrine was defeated. Indian people won the war of democracy 1975 - 77.
1756 - Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula attacked Calcutta under East India Company
1991 - Rajiv Gandhi and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel were given Bharat Ratna awards (posthumously)
2012 - Madhya Pradesh Government launched perennial river-lake linking project - Jamni river - Harpura project
Leander Paes (1973)
He has won eight doubles and ten mixed doubles Grand Slam titles, and is the oldest man to have won a Grand Slam title. He won both men's doubles/mixed doubles titles at the 1999 Wimbledon tournament.
He has received the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award, India's highest sporting honour, in 1996–97; the Arjuna Award in 1990; the Padma Shri award in 2001 and its 3rd Highest Civilian Award the Padma Bhushan in January 2014.